In addition to the difficulty of the maze, Zajonc manipulated whether the cockroach ran the maze with an audience of other cockroaches the cockroaches were in clear boxes adjacent to the maze or without a cockroach audience. Participation is exception. Once goods have been put under a transit procedure and have been authorized to proceed from the point of origination in a Member’s territory, they will not be subject to any customs charges nor unnecessary delays or restrictions until they conclude their transit at the point of destination within the Member’s territory. Facilitation processes require a number of different roles to be effective. There are some main skills that are useful for carrying out facilitation. Unlike other contemporary psychological theories, social facilitation/inhibition theory predicts changes in performance in both physical and cognitive domains. If you cannot get some of the participants to be on some of these agenda design conversations, ask to interview 3 5 of the participants who have widely diverging perspectives on the topic at hand. Download form and post. Seek feedback, learn from your experiences, and continuously strive to learn new facilitation techniques and enhance your facilitation skills. Although there is a significant cost to getting up and running as a payment facilitator, the benefits are clear. As a Facilitator, it’s not up to you to go in and fix problems. If you still have questions or prefer to get help directly from an agent, please submit a request. Obviously, you should check with yourdoctor first to see if it is okay to attempt to stretch the injuredmuscles see section Pain and Discomfort. According to the data provided in the Notification Matrix of the TFA Database, 95 WTO Members of the 125 that notified measures under categories A, B, or C categorized at least one measure in „C“. The corruption scheme reportedly involved payments made to speed up the extremely slow customs clearance process in Russia for the delivery of deliveries to the nearby Ford plant. AUDIO VISUAL EXAMPLES OF APPLYING https://leskreatifs.com/ THESE APPROACHES. This time, the scientist chose children and fishing reels. Practical application of cross cultural dialogue facilitation. To enroll in the program, or be notified of future training dates, email Sarah Gilbert or call her at 859 622 8653. For example, an art student may become more conscious of his strokes while painting in a public place, when people are watching, rather than when he is in his studio, painting by himself.
Global Anti Bribery Guidance
Perhaps you can remember a time when you found that a task you could perform well alone e. NAVARRO‐CANO, Jose Antonio. Acknowledging that the agenda in front of the group is the working agenda is a powerful tool for avoiding crisis and/or sidetracking during the meeting. ATD Members have access to a variety of facilitation tools. It fitted in neatly with Aukus, the trilateral security pact between the three nations. You might also encounter participants who express challenging behaviors. Allow me to share with my group of upcoming facilitators in family planning workshops. Or if you are looking to increase work efficiency with experience, you can use Social Facilitation to increase your performance. On some occasions, dominant responses are unhealthy, and presence of others may encourage these responses. The presence of others seems to help when the performer is doing something he or she does well: when the performance is a dominant, well learned skill, a behavior that is easy or familiar Zajonc, 1965. Specifically, individuals tend to perform better on easy or well rehearsed tasks and worse on complex tasks or new ones. The most important thing is what the participants in the meeting have to say. Crisp and comprehensive,I found this very, very useful as I embark on a training for academicians who now need to shift from lecture mode to facilitation mode. Listen to interviews with industry experts who share stories and tips about how to grow your training career. The dictionary definition of facilitation is „the process of making something possible or easier. Instead the performer feels pressured and is not able to perform well. How long it will take: 1 hour in depth article, 13 min video. Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout. 3970365 and a registered charity no. Either way, he or she must be acceptable to all members of the group.
But first, what are workshops?
How To Build Your Facilitation Skills and Why You Should
This makes it all the more crucial for leaders and facilitators to clarify the purpose of their gatherings. Keeping a ‘clarity journal’ can be a powerful tool for self improvement. May i share it with my team of business leaders as we are asking them to become our internal trainers. The influence of the audience on a person’s skills depends largely on his or her previous experience with the activity. Project Management for Sustainable Development PM4SD™. „Facilitation“ is a term that means different things to different people. In the mid 1960s, Robert Zajonc published an influential article on social facilitation that brought order to these inconsistent findings. That dynamic may have gone on for months and months and years and years until this person eventually quit. St Pauls ChambersPark Row House19 20 Park RowLeedsLS1 5JF. You’ll build your knowledge, from user centric research to prototyping ideas to the final pitch. This phenomenon is called social facilitation. You can track the availability of spots in the table below. 5, Zajonc made use of the affective component of arousal in his explanation. Participants learn how to design and deliver engaging workshops, facilitate effective group discussions, and lead participants through the design thinking process. • Start with impact so that learners are excited, empowered, and involved from the beginning. The tendency to perform tasks more poorly or slower in the presence of others is known as social inhibition. As a facilitator, you would aim to listen to each person and understand their point of view. Experiential learning comes from designing a participative activity or challenge that builds a relevant shared experience. Bashir K, Blizard B, Bosanquet A, Bosanquet N, Mann A, Jenkins R. Facilitating a planning meeting requires careful consideration and preparation as well as business planning success. Participation in regional trade agreements reduces trade costs by 2 to 10 per cent on average, demonstrating that regional and global trade facilitation initiatives complement one another. Print ISBN: 978 3 319 55064 0. Instead, acknowledge your weaknesses and improvement areas and actively work on improving them. With a shared understanding we can now move further to why facilitation is important. One model of observation and listening is to do so at the levels of head, heart and feet, or thinking including ideas and principles, feeling including values and experience, and will including intentions and energy. Shoes to TVs looting spree ravages war hit Sudan.
Reflect and improve
Kicking off your meeting or workshop with an icebreaker will help to set a relaxed tone for the session. Gerard’s widely praised first book Effective Group Leadership, was published by Orpen Press in 2016. I now have deep knowledge on facilitation i will be using most of ideas in engaging my staffs. How long it will take: about 3 hours. Ratify – the sooner, the better: Developing countries that ratify the agreement in coming months hopefully not years have already missed some critical due dates, which will prevent them from using the special and differential treatment provisions of the TFA to their maximum. Herbivory can also reduce predation of the herbivore, as in the case of the red ridged clinging crab Mithrax forceps along the North Carolina, US, coastline. It helps to involve the participants in the discussion, talk to them carefully, and use emotional intelligence to understand their deepest motives and appeals. 2 The 1997 Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development OECDConvention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in InternationalBusiness Transactions OECD Convention permits facilitation payments as anexception to member states’ anti bribery legislative frameworks. Examples of Corporate Fraud. The Institute of Cultural Affairs ICA is global network of private, non profit, non governmental organisations ‘concerned with the human factor in world development’. All in all, you will uncover the potential and power of facilitation and how to host like a PRO. Social facilitation/inhibition theory suggests that to increase learning comprehension, one should try to learn new material while alone in this case, the material being learned is presumed to be novel, difficult, and non dominant, but one should be tested on well learned material in the presence of others. By actively listening, facilitators can create an inclusive environment where everyone feels heard and valued, leading to more effective communication and collaboration. Check that information is being shared so that everyone can the knowledge they need to participate fully. All information these cookies collect is anonymous. Graphic Facilitation focuses on audience participation. Use basic tools flip charts, post its etc along with a special ‘secret weapon’ to make workshops go with a zing. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. The Involve Foundation known as Involve is a registered charity: 1130568 England and Wales and SC047314 Scotland. Add facilitation to one of your lists below, or create a new one.
4 FINAL CONSIDERATIONS
The TFA impact in reducing trade costs is strongest between OECD and non OECD economies, with trade costs reduction across models ranging between 3 to 5 percent. However, recognisingthat such facilitation payments will continue to be made, the Guidelines notethat where and when such payments are made, businesses should ‘accuratelyrecord these in books and financial records’. Henry had to give a presentation in front of his class. Participant engagement in workshops can be improved by adapting and showing humility, using tactics to remove intimidation, and creating an inclusive space through nonverbal collaboration and anonymous voting. However, the constructs can be clearly differentiated. Using a participative style. In some cases, it may be worth paying a small bribe to obtain goods or services more quickly, while in others it may be better to avoid such payments altogether. Zajonc argued that the underlying reason for these differences was an arousal or drive component. But conversely, we also recognize that if the task is difficult, an audience can be extremely unnerving and if we are not sure how to do the task, we are likely to take far longer to do it, and probably make a mess of it.
1 The Team Can Make or Break a Workshop
If you are a manager or otherwise an expert on the content, it may be challenging for you to practise classic facilitation without taking a stand. You might answer this questions with some of the following. Uneven contribution — the louder voices dominate while other valuable perspectives and ideas go unheard. The jobs in this Group Profile will deliver a range of group based interventions which include assessment, group and individual treatment and provides support interventions function in the delivery of services. Thank you for sharing your thoughts, Chance, great to see that the article inspired some further reflections. You may have even heard „infodoodler“ or „sketch artist“ or „that person over there who’s drawing really fast. What’s at the root of people’s worries. Required fields are marked. In this fun exercise, participants literally tie themselves up in knots; besides giving instructions, your only role as facilitator is to believe that the group can do it they will and tell them so.
When it comes to payment facilitators vs. Crone C, Hultborn H, Mazières L, Morin C, Nielsen J, Pierrot Deseilligny E. You would not take a side, but instead help everyone work together in the best way possible. The capacity model leans itself on overload hypothesis but brings a further explanation of this phenomenon. Iv supply chain security. Autogenic inhibition relies on the nerve fibers from a stretched muscle to cause that muscle to relax, thus allowing for a greater stretch. Facilitator species may also serve to facilitate the progression from one ecosystem type to another, as mesquite apparently does in the grasslands of the Rio Grande plains. The course will start precisely on time and it may not be possible to go back over material missed by late arrivals.
Managing Director Supply Chain Strategy, Commercial, Supply Chain, Contracts, Procurement and Logistics
Making a meeting work involves a lot of different tasks, and these can be split up between different people, especially in a large or challenging meeting. The DohaMinisterial was somewhat successful as it brought the two sides closer to negotiation. A theater audience, for example, does not simply receive a play passively. Facilitative consultants bring different stakeholders together and let the clients connect the dots instead of starting with their solution. And if you see confused looks on too many faces, you may need to stop and check in with the group, to make sure that everyone knows where you are in the agenda and that the group is with you. Also, learning facilitation is beneficial for anyone to improve their weaknesses and boost their strengths. A good facilitator will make plans in each of these areas in advance. The wording and tone used influence the way the group develops; asking about concerns rather than fears is one example. Like many other skills, facilitation thrives in combination. Sensorimotor Approaches: The sensorimotor approaches use external sensory stimulation to elicit specific movement patterns. As a seminal citation on facilitation, this publication is extremely useful. This prevents the discussion from moving forward. In hybrid meetings, it’s easiest for face to face and remote participants to be in separate groups. At our study site, the biomass of invertebrates was positively correlated with the biomass of A. While these biases may not be immediately obvious, a facilitator’s own assumptions can undermine the facilitation process, which in turn can directly and negatively affect the outcome of the workshop. The information on this site is subject to a Disclaimer and Protection of personal data. Become a more effective group facilitator. Unique to that individual, and similarities: qualities,. Attention Allocation and Avoiding Distraction. This doesn’t mean permanently sidelining certain individuals but rather knowing when and where their involvement is most beneficial. The Member may provide that the advance ruling is binding on the applicant. Our team of experienced meeting facilitators are passionate about producing the best results for your business. 2011, granting protection from herbivores CITATION, root grafting Tarroux and DesRochers 2011 Graham and Boorman, and altering the composition of soil micro organism and mycorrhizal communities Johnson et al.
Mar 11, 2022
On the positive side, seven LDCs have already notified their indicative dates, although the deadline still expires in two years 22 February 2021, giving a clear signal to donors about their commitment to implementing the agreement. So, you should always have a battery of energizers in your back pocket which you are comfortable with and which you can easily pull out when you need to change the energy level in the room. This theory suggested by Baron 1986 proposes that the presence of others in a situation creates a conflict in an individual’s mind about whether to focus on other people or the task at hand. But there’s evidence that the benefits of icebreakers make them more than worth the time. What do you remember from these responses. He concludes that looking at a multiple factor approach did not explain why crimes are committed. It is a result of the Doha Round of Trade Negotiations, which was launched in 2001. Its aqueous extract is widely consumed in tea form for various. Here’s how to contact one of our national chapters. Scale Facilitation® established an innovation office in Victoria in 2021 and has since filled the initial 30 person footprint. Which PNF technique is used in therapy depends on a patient’s needs. 1 Co action effects in the library: When a group of students are studying in a library, we can generally witness Social Facilitation increasing the efficiency of understanding the concepts. Other forms: facilitations.
Export Credit Agencies and energy in Asia Pacific
The best Facilitators are able to create a successful plan yet fluidly adapt to the needs of the group in the moment. In WIRCL’s words, this is about „leading from behind. Consultant EHL Education Consulting. A facilitator can be a leader, but leaders aren’t always good facilitators. This is also where the ground rules that we covered earlier come in. A design critique purpose is to identify strengths and weaknesses of a design solution. Training outcome: you’ll be able to run a Lightning Decision Jam workshop, in person or remotely: you’ll be able to identify and prioritise problems to solve, reframe problems into opportunities, ideate and prioritse solutions, make an informed, democratic decision, and create an actionable solution in 90 minutes or less. On the other hand, performing complex task in others’ presents creates the cardiovascular response similar to that of a person in threatened position, which has a negative impact on the performance. In this blog post, we’ll venture into every aspect of facilitation, focusing on five foundational qualities that embody the facilitation mindset – Purposed, Inclusive, Crafted, Clear, and Adaptive. Not yet an IAF member. Read the full disclaimer here. Thank all of those who are there for coming and analyze the turnout attendance later. The submerchant must go through a series of checks to verify their legitimacy and is then boarded into the payment facilitator’s infrastructure, at which point they are then able to begin accepting credit card payments from their customers. He performed experiments to examine this phenomenon.
A skilled facilitator’s toolbox will contain the following process skills:
Ask patrons to team up to help one another. The police will only apprehend the accused and present him to the court. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Inc; 2001: 19 47. Join team leader Anna as she uses facilitation to make working life easier. Cultivate the key skills and deep knowledge of the principles and concepts involved in effective facilitation. Then say: Today, we need you to set aside yourgeneralizations. Trainers and presenters are also typically considered authorities on their subjects, but facilitators don’t need to have any special knowledge about the subject of the meeting. When a task is simple and well learnt, the increased motivation spurred on by the anticipation of being positively evaluated, seems to work to our benefit. But, more often, facilitators are right among us.
Free BrainMass Quizzes
This is for you if: you’d like to run your first design sprint; you’d like to see rather than just read about what a design sprint actually looks like; you’d like to boost and supercharge your existing sprint skills, you need remote or virtual facilitation training. Facilitating with clarity demands intentional communication, distilling information to essentials, actively resolving misunderstandings, and continuous self reflection. Our fundamental level training options lay a solid foundation of skills and techniques for novice facilitators. Ifit’s a disruptive individual you may choose to confront that person,perhaps in private, and give them feedback on what they are doing andthe impact it is having on the group. For more information on Scale Facilitation please visit:. Money Laundering Schemes. These are all examples of facilitation payments. London, Greater London South East of England Birmingham, West Midlands Glasgow, Scotland Liverpool, Merseyside North West Bristol, South West England Manchester, Greater Manchester North West England Sheffield, South Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Leeds, West Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Edinburgh, Scotland Leicester, Leicestershire East Midlands Coventry and Warwickshire West Midlands Bradford, West Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Cardiff, South Glamorgan Wales Belfast, County Antrim/County Down Northern Ireland Dublin Republic of Ireland Nottingham, Nottinghamshire East Midlands Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear North East England Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire West Midlands Southampton, Hampshire South East Derby, Derbyshire East Midlands Brighton, East Sussex South East England Portsmouth, Hampshire South East England Plymouth, Devon South West England Northampton, Northamptonshire East Midlands Reading, Berkshire South East England Luton, Bedfordshire East of England Wolverhampton, West Midlands Bolton, Greater Manchester North West England Aberdeen, Scotland Bournemouth, Dorset South West England Norwich, Norfolk East of England Swindon, Wiltshire South West England Swansea, West Glamorgan Wales Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire South East England Southend on Sea, Essex East of England Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Peterborough, Cambridgeshire East of England Sunderland, Tyne and Wear North East England Warrington, Cheshire North West England Huddersfield, West Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Slough, Berkshire South East England Oxford, Oxfordshire South East England York, North Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Poole, Dorset South West England Ipswich, Suffolk East of England Telford, Shropshire West Midlands Cambridge, Cambridgeshire East of England Dundee, Scotland Gloucester, Gloucestershire South West England Blackpool, Lancashire North West England Birkenhead, Merseyside North West England Watford, Hertfordshire East of England Sale, Greater Manchester North West England Colchester, Essex East of England Newport, Gwent Wales Solihull, West Midlands High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire South East England Exeter, Devon South West England Gateshead, Tyne and Wear North East England Blackburn, Lancashire North West England Cheltenham, Gloucestershire South West England Maidstone, Kent South East England Chelmsford, Essex East of England Salford, Greater Manchester North West England Basildon, Essex East of England Doncaster, South Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Basingstoke, Hampshire South East England Worthing, West Sussex South East England Eastbourne, East Sussex South East England Crawley, West Sussex South East England Rochdale, Greater Manchester North West England Rotherham, South Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Stockport, Greater Manchester North West England Gillingham, Kent South East England Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands Woking, Surrey South East England Wigan, Greater Manchester North West England Lincoln, Lincolnshire East Midlands Oldham, Greater Manchester North West England Wakefield, West Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber St Helens, Merseyside North West England Worcester, Worcestershire West Midlands Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire East of England Bath, Somerset South West England Preston, Lancashire North West England Raleigh, Essex East of England Barnsley, South Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Stevenage, Hertfordshire East of England Hastings, East Sussex South East England Southport, Merseyside North West England Darlington, County Durham North East England Bedford, Bedfordshire East of England Halifax, West Yorkshire Yorkshire Humber Hartlepool, County Durham North East England Chesterfield, Derbyshire East Midlands Nuneaton, Warwickshire West Midlands Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire Yorkshire Humber Weston super Mare, Somerset South West England Chester, Cheshire North West England St Albans, Hertfordshire East of England Douglas, Isle of Man Saint Peter Port, Guernsey Saint Helier, Jersey Newport, Isle of Wight Gibraltar British Overseas Territory. 2141 of the French Public Tenders Code Code de la commande publique, corporations convicted of bribery or certain other offences may be automatically excluded from public tenders for five years. Both versions take some time, so it’s best to save this game for a longer workshop or a company retreat. See the TI UK guidance Countering Small Bribes for the full description of the topics summarised below. State and local laws will apply of course. „All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts. Facilitation is a real game changer for these scenarios. Even television characters have been proven to trigger the effects of social facilitation. Instead, he used facilitation techniques to encourage his people and give them the confidence to come up with fresh ideas and develop them. Similar interactions occur between the red algae Condors crispus and the canopy forming seaweed Fucus in the intertidal zone of southern New England, USA. Choler was partly funded by a Marie Curie fellowship contract CASOAR MOIF CT 2006 039688. Check out our online facilitation course. A 3 day streamlined version of this course is also available. Facilitators are witnesses, connected to the group’s purpose and helping the group help itself to become clearer. The difference the social facilitation effect can have on us comes from ourselves and our beliefs about our own capabilities. Facilitation is a valuable tool for project managers. By defining your objectives and outcomes, you can create a framework for evaluating your workshop facilitation performance and value. You can say „That’s an interesting issue, but perhaps we should get back to the original discussion. However, because of the practical problem of simultaneously conducting the stepping exercise and a cognitive task for measuring the amount of social facilitation, we had participants conduct the cognitive task alone in all experimental conditions and manipulated the presence of others and exercise factors before they had conducted it. While it’s not guaranteed that ideas and proposal produced by facilitated teams will get approved, administration should at the very least communicate their openness to the team’s efforts. How do the concepts of personal space and territoriality differ. Sign up for the Free Webinar here: THE FAB FIVE FUNDAMENTALS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT.
Social psychology Social Interaction Sequence
Your browser doesn’t support HTML5 audio. Thus, good intuition and a structured approach are crucial for a meeting moderator. Mindful of the parties’ failure to overcome this major obstacle despite the customs union which has existed between them since 1995, this chapter seeks to shed light on how trade can be significantly hampered by such restrictions, and explores the ways in which WTO legal instruments, in particular Article V „Freedom of Transit“ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GATT and recently Article 11 „Freedom of Transit“ of the Trade Facilitation Agreement can come into play to liberalize trade. Raise a hand if you’ve ever been in a meeting or workshop where one person usually the loudest or most senior is doing all the talking, discussions spiral out of control, and everyone understands the job to be done differently. Smiling in many cultures can be used to put people at ease, and show you are listening and interested. There are two implications arising out of this amendment to the CFPOA. Take this quiz to find out. Reed Courses also advertises distance learning courses and in company Facilitation Skills courses from a variety of learning providers. SET UP: Put big numbers from 1 to 6 or, for a larger group,. To try Butter for free, create an account for free or book a personal demo. For the first section, the keywords were used: „facilitation mechanisms“ and „vegetation“ or „plant“, and in the second section, the keywords „facilitation“, „restoration“ or „restored“ and „vegetation“ or „plant“ were used. The type of audience that is present also has an impact on an individual’s performance level, for example, a supportive crowd v/s a hostile crowd. Article 271 of the 1990 Schengen Convention shall be repealed as from 5 December 2004. Your facilitation practice will benefit from nailing this stage and learning from it for future workshops and meetings. Six to eight 120 minute sessions. Agonist —The muscle that contracts to create movement or tension. A well crafted facilitation process is akin to a well designed product. This theory suggests that the presence of others is distracting and that distraction creates cognitive overload, which restricts attentional focus. A plot twist involving a pair of twins. David Debenham is a lawyer with McMillan LLP. Your employees will feel more at ease expressing new thoughts, skills, and solutions when a new approach is presented. In complex tasks, attentional focus impairs performance because the complex tasks require attention to wider ranges of stimulus cues. This is an easy way to get people talking, and again offers insight into people’s personal history, likes and dislikes, and even ways of working. Of course, the familiarity of the locker room and being close to family could also help players relax or focus on the game. These findings suggest that the ability of the present others to evaluate the performance is critical to social facilitation/ inhibition effects. A skilled facilitator will draw out the wisdom, creating great outcomes for everyone. Yes, each vote is given weightage based on the hand raiser’s opinion of the idea. We have already discussed how Social Facilitation can cause changes in a person’s perspective and psychology. 2001b, ‘La financiación de los partidos políticos y la corrupción en las empresas’, Papeles de Ética, Economía y Dirección 6, 39–62. This model suggests that our performance on different tasks is based on how much capacity of working memory is used in the execution of the task.
This final tension supposedly helps to reinforce the new „safe“ length as far as the stretch reflex is concerned. The Organised Crime and Anti Corruption Legislation Bill passed into law in NZin November 2015 by way of 15 amendment Acts. This article by Kate Kaplan for the NN/g covers in details the difference between the two formats. All types of meetings can and should be staged by the facilitator – also the weekly departmental meeting, which is often not very inspiring in its nature. The steps below outline the procedures ClothCo could have taken to reduce the risk of this situation occurring, which would also have assisted Sam to assess and respond to the situation appropriately. It is therefore essential that we address some of the most widespread misconceptions about facilitation right away. Interventions can be quite novel here, such as Coffitivity which gives us the sense of working in a coffee shop even when we’re working alone. This course is offered using a pay what you can pricing model. This fosters better understanding and reduces confusion among the participants. 44 g in ‘without shrub with graminoids’ treatment vs. When you run a meeting, you may be focused on taking a top down approach by speaking much of the time, giving out directives, and quickly checking off agenda items. If the group is comprised primarily of one type oranother, etc. I document a drop in facilitation payments after the anti corruption campaign, with the reduction being primarily attributable to high payment firms during the pre campaign period. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. But, as an Agile facilitator, you are responsible for ensuring that your organization has an environment where the diverse ideas of employees will be considered. This patience also nurtures an internal focus in facilitators. All the insights recorded will provide a useful baseline for action setting and follow up.